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Minnesota forest ecosystem vulnerability assessment and synthesis: a report from the Northwoods Climate Change Response Framework project


Stephen Handler

Matthew Duveneck

Louis Iverson

Emily Peters

Robert Scheller

Kirk Wythers

Leslie Brandt

Patricia Butler

Maria Janowiak

Danielle Shannon

Chris Swanston

Kelly Barrett

Randy Kolka

Casey McQuiston

Brian Palik

Peter Reich

Clarence Turner

Mark White

Cheryl Adams

Anthony D'Amato

+15 more
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Year of Publication:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station
Newtown Square, PA
228 p.


Forests in northern Minnesota will be affected directly and indirectly by a changing climate over the next 100 years. This assessment evaluates the vulnerability of forest ecosystems in Minnesota's Laurentian Mixed Forest Province to a range of future climates. Information on current forest conditions, observed climate trends, projected climate changes, and impacts to forest ecosystems was considered in order to draw conclusions on climate change vulnerability. Wet Forests, Forested Rich Peatlands, and Acid Peatlands were determined to be the most vulnerable to projected changes in climate, whereas Floodplain Forests, Fire-Dependent Forests, and Mesic Hardwood Forests were determined to be less vulnerable. Projected changes in climate and the associated ecosystem impacts and vulnerabilities will have important implications for economically valuable timber species, forest-dependent wildlife and plants, recreation, and long-range planning.