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Central Hardwoods ecosystem vulnerability assessment and synthesis: a report from the Central Hardwoods Climate Change Response Framework project


Leslie Brandt

Hong He

Louis Iverson

Frank Thompson

Patricia Butler

Stephen Handler

Maria Janowiak

Danielle Shannon

Chris Swanston

Matthew Albrecht

Richard Blume-Weaver

Paul Deizman

John DePuy

William Dijak

Gary Dinkel

Songlin Fei

Todd Jones-Farrand

Michael Leahy

Stephen Matthews

Paul Nelson

Brad Oberle

Judi Perez

Matthew Peters

Anantha Prasad

Jeffrey Schneiderman

John Shuey

Adam Smith

Charles Studyvin

John Tirpak

Jeffery Walk

Wen Wang

Laura Watts

Dale Weigel

Steve. Westin

+29 more
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Year of Publication:
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station
Newtown Square, PA


The forests in the Central Hardwoods Region will be affected directly and indirectly by a changing climate over the next 100 years. This assessment evaluates the vulnerability of terrestrial ecosystems in the Central Hardwoods Region of Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri to a range of future climates. Information on current forest conditions, observed climate trends, projected climate changes, and impacts to forest ecosystems was considered in order to assess vulnerability to climate change. Mesic upland forests were determined to be the most vulnerable to projected changes in climate, whereas many systems adapted to fire and drought, such as open woodlands, savannas, and glades, were perceived as less vulnerable. Projected changes in climate and the associated ecosystem impacts and vulnerabilities will have important implications for economically valuable timber species, forest-dependent wildlife and plants, recreation, and long-range planning.